Sputtering Animations

Published articles with animations

  • Dynamics Displayed by Energetic C60 Bombardment of Metal Overlayers on an Organic Substrate , P. E. Kennedy, Z. Postawa, B. J. Garrison, Anal. Chem. 85 2348-2355 (2013). This publication contains three animations. 10.1021/ac303348y
  • Internal energy of molecules ejected due to energetic C60 bombardment, B. J. Garrison, Z. Postawa, K. E. Ryan, J. C. Vickerman, R. P. Webb, N. Winograd, Anal. Chem. 81, 2260–2267 (2009). This publication contains four animations. DOI: 10.1021/ac802399m
  • A Computational Investigation of C60 Depth Profiling of Ag: Molecular Dynamics of Multiple Impact Events, M.F. Russo, Z. Postawa and B.J. Garrison, J. Phys. Chem. C, 113, 3270-3276 (2009).  This publication contains four animations. DOI: 10.1021/jp808706
  • A computational view of surface based organic mass spectrometry, B.J. Garrison and Z. Postawa, Mass Spectrometry Reviews. 27 (4), 289-315, 2008. DOI: 10.1002/mas.20165. (This publication contains eight computer animations.)
  • Microscopic Insights into the Sputtering of Thin Organic Films on Ag{111} by C60 and Ga Bombardment, Z. Postawa, B. Czerwinski, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, J. Phys. Chem. B, 109, 11973-11979 (2005). DOI: 10.1021/jp050821w. The HTML version of this paper contains enhanced animations.

Animation archive

There are seven animations linked on this page. Five animations are from the work of Zbigniew Postawa and shows the effect of C60 bombardment of Ag. Two are from Arnaud Delcorte's work of Ar sputtering of polystyrene on Ag. They exhibit high and low action events. Enjoy!

C60 Bombardment of Ag{111}

15 keV Ga and C60 Trajectories from Ref 252

Caution - These movie files are compressed so the codec must be executed first. The files are in .avi format and are 23 Mb each. Feel free to use the trajectories but please reference article #252. For information on getting the codec to work on a Mac.

Sample Trajectory from Ref 246

Caution - The file is in .avi format and is 71 Mb.

Polystyrene/Ag - High and Low Action

The two trajectories presented below exhibit the diversity of sputtering events. These trajectories come from the work of Arnaud Delcorte (Ref 198 and 206 below) of sputtering of polystyrene tetramers on a metal surface. Below is Figure 2 of Ref 206. The trajectories have been categorized according to ejection yield of molecules and action in the Ag substrate.

Sample Trajectories

Caution - the files are in .avi format and are about 20 Mb each.

Classic Sputtering Animations, aka, The Flicks

The staff at the Faculty Multimedia Center at Penn State have converted our sputtering animations to streaming video that can be viewed on a PC or MAC (sorry no UNIX) with Quicktime. Each animation has been subdivided into segments. Each segment has been made into a high resolution copy appropriate for LAN access. In addition, there is a copy of each segment for DOWNLOAD that also can be used with Quicktime.

General sequence.

LAN, DL 8.1Mb


Formation of a dimer that preferentially ejects along one crystallographic direction. LAN, DL 3.4Mb

Formation of a Cu pentamer. LAN, DL 13.2Mb

Molecular ejection of benzene by two metal atoms. We now call this cooperative uplifting. LAN, DL 16.2Mb

Molecular and dissociative ejection of CO. LAN, DL 8.3Mb

Formation of NiCO. LAN, DL 4.3Mb

During the summer of 1992, Roger Webb from the University of Surrey, UK, and Roger Smith from Loughborough University, UK, visited Penn State for two weeks. Along with Eric Dawnkaski they made SPUT92. We published the animation along with an extensive text in the International Video J. of Engineering Research (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd) 3, 63-72 (1993). Movie credits. LAN, DL 5.5Mb

Low action event. LAN, DL 7.9M

High action event. LAN, DL 5.9Mb

Color coded by energy. LAN, DL 6.0Mb

Color coded by n-body collision. LAN, DL 6.1Mb

B in Si. LAN, DL 24.3M

Buckyball and graphite. LAN, DL 16.1Mb

Experimental energy and angular distributions of neutral Rh atoms sputtered in the excited 4F7/2 state vs. the ground 4F9/2 state indicate anomolous excitations probabilities for the low energy excited 4F7/2 Rh atoms. Simulations clearly show that collisions of atoms above the surface are responsible for the anomolous excitation probability. The original animation was made by Dan N. Bernardo. The color coding for the atoms is shown to the left. See the references given below for further details.

Top view showing excitation energy of all atoms. LAN, DL 1.0Mb

Side view showing all atoms that eject. LAN, DL 1.5Mb

Side view showing the two atoms that collide above the surface. LAN, DL 1.5Mb